Heinrich Böll

A leftist-catholic writer and pacifist, he refused to join the Hitler Youth, and was in opposition to Nazism. After the war he became known for his critiques of the Catholic Church and the right-wing German media. Prolific writer of novels and short stories, dealing with social, political, and moral issues.

Anecdote to the Decline of the Work Ethic: Short story which mocks ideas about "work ethic" and how one should work hard to assure themselves of a better future. Shows how misguided those are who work until they die, although they dislike work, because they have convinced themselves that in this way they will ensure a happy retirement, ignoring that they are throwing their lives away for the years one is must uncertain of reaching.