Solomon Lozovsky


Russian revolutionary, he was born in Ukraine to Jewish parents. Lozovsky joined the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1901 and a long series of arrests and exiles followed. After the split in the party he sided with the Bolsheviks, however he was expelled in 1914 due to his advocacy for reuniting the parties different factions. After returning to Russia from exile and participating in the October Revolution, he was readmitted to the party in 1917. Soon after, however, in 1918, he was newly expelled for his support for independent trade unions and his advocacy for a government open to the left, not just the Bolsheviks. Lozovsky was readmitted in 1919 and from then on ceased criticism of the party's line. From 1920 to 1937 he was the general secretary of the Profintern, the union of communist unions tied to the Comintern. During WWII he had a major role in leading the anti-fascist and anti-racist propaganda. After the war in 1949, at the beginning of another of Stalin's seasons of repression and paranoia, Lozovsky was arrested and sentenced to death. Lozovsky refused to admit to invented crimes, or accuse others, and acted with supreme dignity and courage during his trial. Lozovsky was executed on 12 August 1952.

Marx and the Trade Unions (1933): 184 pages. A collection and analysis of Marx and Engels views on trade unions. This book deals with the general ideas of the role of unions in the class struggle, as well as Marx's polemics with Proudhon and Bakunin in relation to trade unions. It discusses Marx and Engels' opinions on the labor movements in England, France and amerika, as well as their views of strikes and reformist unions. Finally, Lozovsky points out the need for trade unions to be actively political, and in specific communist in ideology, and reaffirms the importance of trade unions engaging in political, as well as economic struggles.