Isaac Deutscher

Polish Marxist who began his revolutionary life in Warsaw as a member of the Polish Communist Party during its days of illegality under Pilsudski's military dictatorship a decade after the October revolution. In the thirties he became on of the most prominent and principled members of a leftist opposition group within the Polish CP which eventually sided with Trotsky. Expelled from the party in 1931 for his participation in a party faction and for "inflating" the threat of german fascism, Deutscher continued his revolutionary work outside the party until 1939, a few months before the outbreak of WWII, when he traveled to Britain as a journalist for a Polish paper. In Britain Deutscher focused his energies on historical writing, and produced his famous three part biography of Trotsky and his biography of Stalin as well as many other important and useful books on the Russian revolution and its aftermath. A committed, serious 'traditional' Marxist to his death, Deutscher remained a fierce critic of Stalinism, and to a lesser extent a critic of orthodox Troskyism.

Trotsky Biography
The Prophet Armed: Trotsky 1879-1921 (1952)

The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky 1921-1929 (1959)

The Prophet Outcast: Trotsky: 1929-1940 (1963)

Other Books
Stalin (1949): 617 pages,

Soviet Trade Unions (1950): 162 pages,

The Unfinished Revolution (1967): 115 pages,

Lenin's Childhood (1970): 71 pages, this "book" is really just the first chapter of a big biography that Deutscher had been planning to write for years on Lenin, after completing his three volume biography of Trotsky and his large biography of Stalin. But unfortunately, Deutscher died when he had only completed a chapter of his biography on Lenin, the chapter which detailed Lenin's childhood. This chapter was published only post-humously by Deutscher's wife Tamara. Although this is obviously a short book and limited in scope, it is as interesting to read as all of Deutscher's works.

'1984', The Mysticism of Cruelty

Marx and Russia

Marxism and Nonviolence

Marxism and the New Left

On Internationals and Internationalism

The Ex-Communist's Conscience

The Poet and the Revolution

The Tragic Life of a Polrugarian Minister